Openfire no Ubuntu 12.04

21 de fevereiro de 2013 em Openfire



  • Ubuntu 12.04 or later installed machine to act as local IM server machine and one to act as IM client – the client computer can also be Windows or Mac OSX based as long as you install the relevant Spark client on these machines.

1. Install Java 6/7 JRE or JDK.

  • On each computer you want to be part of your IM network require at least Java 6 JRE to be installed.
  • Oracle / Sun Java 6 is no longer available in the Software Center as Oracle has changed the license to make it complicated to install and update on Ubuntu.
  • More information about Java on Ubuntu available here.
  • The easiest way I have found is to install Java on Ubuntu is via the Web Upd8 PPA .
  • First add the PPA. Open a Terminal Window and enter :
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java
sudo apt-get update
  • A good idea to minimise any Java conflicts is to remove OpenJDK.  open a Terminal Window and enter :
sudo apt-get remove --purge openjdk*
  • Then to install Oracle Java 6 version open a Terminal Window and enter :

sudo apt-get install oracle-java6-installer

  • To install Oracle Java 7 version open a Terminal Window and enter :
sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer
  • Tip: Top check the Java version installed on your system open a terminal and enter :
java -version

2. Create new MySQL database for Openfire.

  • You have several options for user authentication including LDAP, MtSQL or embeded DB.
  • We will use the MySQL option and need to create a new database and user for Openfire to use.
  • Log in to MySQL as root. Open the Terminal window and enter :
sudo mysql -u root -p
  • Then enter the following to create the database and add user openfire. Replace openfirepasswrd with a new password :
mysql> CREATE DATABASE openfire CHARACTER SET='utf8';
mysql> CREATE USER 'openfire'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'openfirepasswrd';
mysql> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON `openfire`.* TO 'openfire'@'localhost' WITH GRANT OPTION;
mysql> quit

3. Install Openfire.

  • The latest Debian version of Openfire can be downloaded from ignite realtime download page.
  • Download Openfire 3.8.2 by opening a terminal window and enter   :

cd /tmp wget -O openfire_3.8.2_all.deb http://www.igniterealtime.org/downloadServlet?filename=openfire/openfire_3.8.2_all.deb

  • Then install openfire. Open a Terminal window and enter :
sudo dpkg -i openfire_3.8.2_all.deb
  • Ignore all installation errors regarding user and folder permissions. As long as you do not get any Java version errors and openfire does install you are good to go.
  • You need to point the openfire server startup file to the correct home folder of the Java version  installed on your system.
  • Replace java-6-sun with java-6-oracle or java-7-oracle depending on your version of java in the /etc/init.d/openfire file in line 27, or open a terminal and enter:
sudo apt-get install rpl
sudo rpl '6-sun' '7-oracle' /etc/init.d/openfire
sudo service openfire start

4. Open firewall ports for Openfire.

  • You need to open some ports on your firewall for Openfire to work.
    • Port 9090 : for the web interface.
    • Port 9091 : for SSL web interface.
    • Port 5222 : the main port used for client/server communication by Openfire.
    • Port 7777 : used for file transfer.
    • Port 7443 : used for unsecured Http client connections.
    • Port 7070 : used for secure Http client connections.
    • Port 3478, 3479 : used by the STUN Servive for entities behind a NAT.
    • Complete port list used by Openfire available here.
  • If you are using ufw firewall open a terminal and enter:
sudo ufw allow 9090/tcp
sudo ufw allow 9091/tcp
sudo ufw allow 5222/tcp
sudo ufw allow 7777/tcp
sudo ufw allow 7443/tcp
sudo ufw allow 7070/tcp
sudo ufw allow 3478/tcp
sudo ufw allow 3479/tcp

5. Configure Openfire server with web admin console.

  • The rest of the Openfire configuration will be done in the admin console.
  • Replace mydomain below with your FQDN or IP address of your server.
  • Open a browser and go to  :
  • You will be presented with the Openfire setup wizard. Follow the instructions.
  • When asked select Database Settings > Standard Connection 
  • Make sure you enter the MySQL database hostname and database name in the Database URL line below – this is easily missed .



  • When done you can login to the admin console with your openfire admin username and password  on :
  • You can also login securely with SSL encryption enabled  on :


Some very important settings to consider are found under Server > Server Settings > Registration Settings

  • Then go to the User/Groups menu and add IM users.



6. Download and Install Spark IM client.

  • IM / VOIP client software needs to be installed on all machines that you would like to connect with the Openfire server.
  • You can install any IM client that uses the XMPP/Jabber protocol for example the excellent Pidgin available for Ubuntu, Windows, and OSX. This is a good choice for Ubuntu users as it is available from the Ubuntu Software Center and easy to install. One tip with installing Pidgin on Windows and OSX – Make sure that you select xmpp under the URI Handlers options in the installer. This option is disabled by default for some reason.
  • Jitsi as Video, Voice and Chat client for use with an Openfire server is another choice and available for Ubuntu, Windows and Mac OSX.
  • If you are looking for a iPhone / iPad app to use as client with an Openfire server – Monal or ChatSecure or are just perfect. they are free, have no ads and work well.
  • The native cross plaform client for Openfire is Spark, with client software for Linux, Windows and Mac machines.
  • To install Spark on Ubuntu download the latest Linux version from the website, or open a terminal and enter:
cd /tmp
wget -O spark_2.6.3.tar.gz http://www.igniterealtime.org/downloadServlet?filename=spark/spark_2_6_3.tar.gz
tar -xvf spark_2.6.3.tar.gz
sudo mkdir /opt/spark
sudo mv Spark/* /opt/spark/
  • You can run spark from the command line with :
/bin/bash /opt/spark/Spark
  • Or if you want to create a Ubuntu Unity Desktop Launcher, create a desktop launcher file with :
sudo gedit /usr/share/applications/spark.desktop
  • Then add the following information and save :
[Desktop Entry]

Comment=ignite realtime Spark IM client
Exec=/bin/bash Spark
  • To add a logo to your Desktop launcher, open a terminal and enter:
cd /tmp
wget http://www.thefanclub.co.za/sites/default/files/images/howto/logo-spark_256x256.png
sudo mv logo-spark_256x256.png /opt/spark/logo-spark.png            

To add a logo to your Desktop launcher, open a terminal and enter:
cd /tmp
wget http://www.thefanclub.co.za/sites/default/files/images/howto/logo-spark_256x256.png
sudo mv logo-spark_256x256.png /opt/spark/logo-spark.png

spark-02 spark-03


Deixe uma resposta

%d blogueiros gostam disto:
Pular para a barra de ferramentas